Everest Base Camp Trek in 2020: The Ultimate Guide

  March 17th, 2020

Everest Base Camp Trek - spectacular mountain view

Introduction to Everest Base camp trek

Mt. Everest, the world highest peak with its 8848m height is one of the most famous and adventure treks in Nepal, which offers striking views of snow-capped Himalayas, rugged nature amalgam of temperate and alpine tundra forest, stunning landscapes, fresh waterfalls, newly born rivers, varied ethnic settlements, and amazing serene surroundings.  If you are an adventure enthusiast and eager to explore nature with its best exotic display, Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal is one of the best choices.

High Venture Plus will offer you affordable and one of the best EBC trekking packages with professional, well-experienced, trained, and English-speaking Sherpa guides. Everest Base Camp trek will allow you to stand at the highest place on the earth and view the exhilarating surrounding, which is a divine experience that people need to experience once in his/her lifetime. Everest Region in Nepal is fused with the appealing Himalayas, incredible viewpoint namely Namche Bazaar and Kalapathar, friendly and welcoming Sherpa people and their unique cultures and traditions, exotic glaciers, century-old monasteries, dense forest of alpine, bamboo, and rhododendron, and many more.
  1. What to explore during Everest Base Camp Trek?
    1. Here are some Everest region trekking highlights, as we mention below: 
  2. Seasons wise weather condition in Everest Region of Nepal
    1. Summer Season
    2. Winter Season
    3. Spring and Autumn Seasons
  3. The highest altitude on the earth (EBC)
  4. Major factors of EBC trek difficult
  5. EBC trekking Package cost 
  6. Travel Insurance for EBC
  7. Altitude Sickness in EBC
  8. Is it necessary to hire a guide/porter for EBC trek?
  9. Find professional travel agency for EBC trek
  10. Is Training Program is mandatory for Everest Base Camp trek?
  11. Everest Base Camp trek route
  12. Everest Base Camp Panorama trek
  13. Everest High Passes and Island Peak
  14. Gokyo Valley Trek
  15. Jiri to Everest Base Camp trek
  16. The death rate of Everest Base Camp trek!
  17. Essential Gear List for Everest Base Camp Trek
    1. Essential things and some facial cream:
    2. The Base Layer clothes: – 
    3. Middle Layers – 
    4. Day Pack for Carrying what you need on the trail
    5. First Aid Kit and Toiletries
    6. Paperwork and Money
    7. Other Items(optional)
  18. Frequently Asked Questions: Everest Base Camp
    1. What are the different accommodations option available in the Everest region?
    2. What are the meal options during EBC trekking (Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner)?
    3. Is the preferred beverage available during Everest Base Camp trek?
    4. Do you need to carry snacks need on your trek to Everest Base Camp?
    5. Is pure drinking water being available on the Everest Base Camp Trekking Route?
    6. Available toilet facilities in the EBC Region!
    7. Is cell phone network being available in every location of EBC trek?
    8. Weight limit of baggage to Everest Base Camp!
    9. Age Limit for EBC Trek!
    10. Is ATM service is available in Everest Base Camp?
    11. Is tips or donation mandatory?
    12. Conclusion
  19. Comment Box

The legendary trekking trail of Everest Base Camp will go through several ups and down by following beautiful forest, an exotic glacier of Khumbu, and several folk’s settlements with breathtaking mountain valley setting and ultimately at the final destination; Everest Base Camp. Every year thousands of outdoor lovers make their vacation trip to Everest Base Camp and enjoy the mesmerizing view of the highest peak including Mt. Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam, Thamserku, Cho Oyu Makalu and Everest itself. To experience this adventure, you have to make a vacation trip with us, where we will organize around two weeks trekking package and ensure that you will accomplish this trek with the inspiring experience. There are so many things that travelers should consider before commencing Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal. This article will mention as below:    
 

What to explore during Everest Base Camp Trek?

Here are some Everest region trekking highlights, as we mention below: 

  • Sightseeing tour in historical UNESCO world cultural heritage sites of Kathmandu valley (Pashupatinath Temple, Swyambhunath Temple, Royal Kathmandu Durbar Square, and Buddhanath Stupa).
  • Unbelievable Himalayas flight experience to the Everest region.
  • Have a Lifetime adventurous hiking experience towards Mount Everest.
  • Outstanding views of the world's highest peak {Mt. Everest} Amadablam, Makalu, Nuptse, Thamserku, Lhotse, and Khumbu icefall.
  • Explore folk Sherpa settlement with their unique culture and tradition.
  • Trek around the Mount Everest Base Camp.
  • Explore Tengboche monastery, 17th century oldest monastery, and beautiful Khumbu Glacier
  • Explore the incredible forest of rhododendron, bamboo, alpine and many more and explore rarely and endangers flora and fauna.

Seasons wise weather condition in Everest Region of Nepal

Everest region weather may differ according to the different seasons of Nepal. Usually, the mountain region is not so hot even in the summer. Its temperature reaches up to 25-degree Celsius maximum in a day and the night, it will gradually decline into the cold. 

Summer Season

Summer season consists of June, July and August month in Nepal. It is a monsoon season in Nepal. In this season minimum temperature will go down to 0 degrees in Everest Region. In this season, the trekking rate will be very low due to the monsoon season.  

Winter Season

Winter season consists of December, January, and February months in Nepal. The monsoon in Nepal is unpredictable so in the winter season, there may have rainfall and travelers can have a stunning view of the great Himalayas. In this season there will be heavy snowfall which will make trekking quite difficult.  

Spring and Autumn Seasons

Spring and Autumn seasons are one of the best seasons in Nepal to make Everest Base Camp Trek. Due to clear weather travelers can witness and enjoy clear and wonderful views of the beautiful forest, the attractive valley below, striking Himalayas and its vicinity.

Temperature is also fine to make the highest altitude trek and explore varied flora and fauna of Sagarmatha National park. In these seasons you can have breathtaking views of the crystal-clear sky and outstanding landscape of Everest Base Camp and its locality.

The highest altitude on the earth (EBC)

No doubt that Mt. Everest is popular throughout the world due to its highest altitude on the earth. High altitude profile makes Everest Base Camp trek more adventurous trek in Nepal. The begging point of Everest trek is Lukla with its altitude just below 3000meters. It is already high enough to suffer altitude sickness.

Then the trekking trail will go steadily ups and down to the Base Camp. Before that trekkers will be reached at the highest point of Everest region called Kalapathar at 5,554 meters from the sea level. Due to the highest altitude, trekking to EBC may cause more difficult for Trekkers.

That is why, trekkers should follow the proper itinerary which allows proper acclimatization, at least 2 days acclimations built into the schedule to make the divine experience of EBC trek.   

Major factors of EBC trek difficult

Everest Base Camp, the highest peak in the world is famous for its soaring peak and sky-high altitude. Every year more than 1000 people make their vacation trip to Everest Base Camp. Among the very few trekkers only able to stand atop of the Everest.

It is said that Everest Base Camp trek doesn’t require any kind of climbing expertise and technical sections during trekking, even though it required a basic fitness level with strong determination. There are certainly some factors such as altitude, length, and basic training, which makes this legendary trek difficult.

So, trekkers should consider these difficult factors before your trekking. This will enable you to achieve your goal of a summit with striking views of Everest itself and its vicinity.   

EBC trekking Package cost 

Before commencing Everest Base Camp trek, travelers have to know about the cost of EBC trek. The cost of Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal depends on various factors such as; how many days trek itinerary you choose to trek, which time of the year you plan to go, what things you need to buy during your trek, what types of trek do you prefer to do, Whom you want to travel with, and many more.

As a short, it depends on trekking package, group sizes, meal, accommodation, trekking guide/ porter, gear, travel permits, insurance, extra things you desire to buy, the mode of transport (flights/ drive) you want to travel, and other miscellaneous factors cost.

Comparatively the cost of the flight is quite expensive to the cost of a drive from and to Kathmandu to Lukla. You can find different types of accommodation range from basic to standard (Tea house to luxurious hotels), so the cost of accommodation depends on the facilities and comfort you choose to use during trekking.

Travel Insurance for EBC

Everest region is one of the most remote regions of Nepal, where trekking is not explicitly dangerous itself, however, it may pose various risks. So, travelers need to buy insurance for the duration of the visit. Every traveler needs to take insurance for their safety and health issues.

Taking travel insurance is to make self-secure from the upcoming danger of Everest Base Camp trek. During trekking you may have to face altitude sickness, accidents, illness, and even some time death, in these cases travel insurance will come in handy.

If you have travel insurance, you can easily overcome the problem such as if you are feeling worse due to altitude sickness and have to trek on the bruises and cuts trail then you can charter a helicopter for rescue in a low cost. Hence, travel insurance is essential during the Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal. 

Altitude Sickness in EBC

Most of the trekkers suffer form a lot of health issues and challenges during EBC trek in Nepal. One of the common health issues is altitude sickness.

During trekking, if the trekkers are going to cross 3000meter altitude of the trekking trail then they may face the problem of lower oxygen on the area. As they reach a higher altitude due to low oxygen level, their body may not function as normal.

It may affect people of any age, gender, physical and medical conditions. When the trekkers trek upward trail, the environment will change that they will find sometimes colder, sometimes sunny, and sometimes windy. When their body is suffering from altitude sickness and they start to have dizziness, nausea, giddiness, diarrhea, insomnia, shortness of breath, and loss of appetite. We can hear that some of the trekkers return form the middle of their journey. 

So before trekking to Everest Base Camp, you have to take some trekking knowledge and fixed professional guide and medical assistance team to make the successful trek.

Is it necessary to hire a guide/porter for EBC trek?

Some solo trekkers refused to hire a guide for Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal because they desire to experience and explore the wilderness of the trail on their own. Even though without professional trekking guide trekkers may miss the place to explore Everest Base Camp.

 Hiring trekking guide during their trekking to EBC in Nepal have innumerable benefits such as; You will have less stress and more fun,  you will minimize risk, gain knowledge and enjoy the scenery, encounter with the hidden culture of the people, explore hidden place lies on the bypassed, explore local stories, myths, and many more cultural facts, solve your queries about place, people, politics, religion, geography, cultures, route and many more.

A guide will be responsible for booking and logistics; you will also feel secure with the guide and he/she will be responsible for your safety too. So, if you hire a professional and licensed guide for EBC trek, you can enjoy as much as you can without any worries.

Find professional travel agency for EBC trek

in recent year, the travel agency has been mushrooming dramatically in Nepal, which will make more difficult to find one of the best trekking agencies for trekkers.

Before making trekking in Nepal, travelers need to find a good and registered travel agency to make a safe and wonderful trek. Travel agencies are necessary for organizing a perfect itinerary with perfect accommodation and a licensed guide.

While selecting a travel agency, the experience of a travel agency also matters a lot. High Venture Plus is one of the best travel agencies for Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal. So, don’t miss to travel with us.

Is Training Program is mandatory for Everest Base Camp trek?

Although Mt. Everest Base Camp is one of the most famous and easily accessible treks to most of people with a good fitness level, at the same time it is quite challenging for all ages, shapes and sizes people.
Despite being a non-technical trek, it required a training program to trek in the Everest region of Nepal. The training program will build your fitness level, provide you with some technical skills of trekking, which will boost your confidence and make comfort with the lengths and altitude.

Everest Base Camp Training program will teach you some basic knowledge of treks that include how to climb in the straightforward ascend, fixed rope, trek in the glacier and snowy trail and many more essentials skills and techniques.

Everest Base Camp trek route

Everest Base Camp trek route begins from Lukla, the gateway to Everest region then we will continue trek ahead and reach the famous Sherpa bazaar called Namche Bazaar. This trek continues further and passes several villages such as; Tengboche, Dingboche, Pheriche/Dingboche, Lobuche, Gorak Shep, Kala Pathar, Namche Bazaar, Pheriche and finally Everest Base Camp. Everest Base Camp trek route is a classic route that High Venture Plus will offer you an excellent itinerary package for it.
Day 01 Kathmandu – Lukla – Phakding (2,562 m/8,700 ft): 35 min flight, 8km, 3-4 hrs
Day 02 Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3,440 m/11,280 ft): 10 km, 5-6 hrs
Day 03 Make short hike at Namche Bazaar – Rest, acclimatization and exploration day
Day 04 Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3,870 m/12,694 ft): 8 km, 5-6 hrs
Day 05 Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4,360 m/14,300 ft): 10 km, 5-6 hrs
Day 06 Make short hike at Dingboche – Rest and acclimatization day
Day 07 Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4,940 m/16,207 ft): 7 km, 4-5 hrs
Day 08 Trek from Lobuche to Gorak Shep (5,160 m/16,930 ft) – Base Camp (5,364 m/17,594 ft): Gorak Shep, 15 km, 7-8 hrs
Day 09 Trek from Gorak Shep to Kala Patthar (5,545 m/18,193 ft) – Pheriche (4,280 m/14,070ft): 15 km, 7-8 hrs
Day 10 Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar (3,440 m/11,284 ft): 15 km, 6-7 hrs
Day 11Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla (2,780 m/9,175 ft): 18 km, 6-7 hrs
Day 12 Lukla  to Kathmandu (1,300 m/4,264 ft): 35 min flight

Available trekking options, except EBC!In the Everest region of Nepal, trekkers will get so many trekking packages available over there such as Everest Base Camp Panorama Trek, Everest High Passes and Island Peak, Gokyo Valley Trek and Jiri to EBC trek.

Everest Base Camp Panorama trek

Everest panorama, a short trek is one of the most famous treks in Nepal, which offers the grandeur of almighty Everest including Mt. Lhotse, Nuptse, Thamserku, Tawache, Ama Dablam, and its vicinity. It is perfect for those people who are bound with the time but eager to explore the world's highest peak from Tengboche. This amazing trek also allows you to explore the Tengboche monastery and acquainted with the Tibetan Buddhist culture and traditions.  

Everest High Passes and Island Peak

Everest High Passes and Island Peak is also one of the famous and adventurous treks in Nepal which take us to a series of beautiful turquoise lakes and high passes such as Renjo La (5360m), Cho La (5420m), and Kongma La (5535m). This trekking package combines two famous trekking destinations into one.  The trekking trail goes through the less trodden Thame, Gokyo Valley, popular Khumbu Valley and Island Peak with the stunning views of the Everest in the background. 

Gokyo Valley Trek

Gokyo Valley trek is one of the most beautiful treks in Everest region of Nepal, where trekkers will get golden opportunity to explore highest freshwater lake in the Khumbu region and witness magnificent view of the Himalayas including Mt. Everest (8848m), Lhotse (8414m), Cho Oyu (8188m), Cho Oyu (8188m), Gokyo Valley and its neighboring peaks. This trekking package will fulfill your thrilling adventure by offering rugged terrain filled with natural allure.

Jiri to Everest Base Camp trek

Jiri to Everest Base Camp trek is one of the most well-known treks in Nepal, which offers world highest mountain views such as; Makalu, Amadablam, Cho Yu, and Everest itself. The region is fused with the stunning high mountain valley, Buddhist culture and Sherpa villages, high passes and various landscapes.

This amazing trek also allows you to explore Sagarmatha National park and Dudh Koshi River. The spectacular blooming rhododendron flowers with chirping sounds of birds on the way put extra charm to your trekking. Encountering various rare and endangered flora and fauna and observing greater exposer of ethnic Sherpa people’s culture and tradition is worth visiting.

The death rate of Everest Base Camp trek!

Everest Bas Camp trek is a trek to 5545 meters altitude at Kala Pathar and the weather of the Everest region is quite unpredictable, which will make the trek difficult, even though the death rate in the Everest Base Camp trek is quite uncommon.

As a comparison to another trek in Nepal, Everest Base Camp trek is regarded as a safe trek. Officially there is no statistic for the deaths of people during climbing Everest Base Camp but roughly we can estimate the maximum death rate would be as high as 12 to 15 per year.

It is very difficult to accurately determine the cause of deaths on the trek. Most of the death that occur each year are not from the trek difficulties but the altitude sickness and other related diseases.

Alternative trek for Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the very popular treks in Nepal where over 3000 trekkers come here to have incredible views every year. During a peak season, the Everest Base Camp trekking route is full of excessive noise due to heavy trekkers. So, most of the trekkers seek alternative trekking to Everest Base Camp.

In Nepal, there are so many alternative treks to EBC, among them Annapurna Base Camp trek is first an alternative trek to EBC. Many trekkers who desire a peaceful environment during their trek, will search alternative trek to EBC.

Essential Gear List for Everest Base Camp Trek

Before making your trail onwards Everest Base Camp trek, you should pack your trek gear properly. We will mention some essential packing gear list as below

Essential things and some facial cream:

  • Extra layers, gloves, windbreaker and poncho, Broad-brimmed hat or bandana (for sun protection), Thermos (optional for hot beverages), Toilet Paper
  • Sunscreen, Lip Balm with Sunscreen, Sunglasses, Duct tape or moleskin for blister
  • Iodine Water Tablets (personal preference), Water Bottles or Camel Back, Trekking Poles (optional)
  • Headlamp with extra batteries, Camera with extra batteries and memory cards
  • Favorite Snacks (chocolates)
  • Waterproof bags to protect electronics or paperwork, Umbrella (works great in light rain or to protect from the sun) 

The Base Layer clothes: – 

Moisture-wicking long-sleeve tee-shirts (2), Moisture-wicking tee-shirts (1), Long underwear pants (2), and Underwear (5 to 7) 

Middle Layers – 

  • Heavy Fleece or Down Jacket, Long sleeve shirts (2), Sweatshirt (optional), Fleece Pants, Trekking Pants (2), and Shorts (optional) 

Shell or Outer Layer – 

  • Gortex or Waterproof Jacket with hood, Rain Poncho that covers your day pack, and Waterproof Pants
  • Hats, Gloves, and Gaiters, Wide-brimmed hat, Wool hat (Should cover ears) or Balaclava
  • Lightweight Gloves, Footwear: Shoes and Socks, Hiking socks (10), Sock Liners (optional)
  • Insulated Wool or Down Mittens
  • Gaiters (optional)
  • Camp shoes or Tennis Shoes, and Hiking boots with ankle support,
  • Plastic bag to carry spare shoes, Sleeping Bag, a sleeping bag rated to -15° C/ 0° f, sleeping bag liner (optional), Sleeping bag stuff sack, and Travel Pillow or Pillow Case, Duffel Bags and Day Packs, Duffel Bag .

Day Pack for Carrying what you need on the trail

Small Lock(s) for duffel bag and a day pack, Waterproof cover for the daypack, Drybags in several sizes, and Stuff sacks for dirty clothes/shoes 

First Aid Kit and Toiletries

 
  • Advil or Ibuprofen, Diamox, Personal Prescriptions, Re-hydration Gels or Powder, Medical Tape (for preventing treating blisters), Antibiotics (Cipro for travelers’ diarrhea), Diaper Rash Cream (Can treat rashes or chaffing), Basic toiletries (Soap, Deodorant…), Wet wipes, Panty Liners, and Tampons, Face lotion, Hairbrush, Hair ties, Hand warmers, Earplugs for sleeping, and many more. 

Paperwork and Money

  • Passport (needed at the entry gate for registration) and Nepali Rupees 

Other Items(optional)

  • Portable Solar Charger, Journal, Pen and paper 

Frequently Asked Questions: Everest Base Camp

What are the different accommodations option available in the Everest region?

High Venture Plus will provide you proper accommodation package, where you have to stay in teahouse lodges during your trekking in the Everest region of Nepal. In the lower altitude, you will provide private rooms however in the higher altitude, the room is dormitory-style.

You may have to shard toilets, blankets, and sometimes room as well. Some of the teahouses have a hot shower where it takes extra charge for hot water. If there is electricity, you can charge your electric appliance including cell phones, cameras, battery banks, and many more at an additional cost.

There you will find friendly and welcoming Sherpa people, who will care all of your needs and make their effort to fulfill them.

What are the meal options during EBC trekking (Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner)?

During Everest Base Camp trek, High Venture Plus will offer you three times meal in a day, you will serve early morning breakfast, lunch, and dinner. We will offer you half board and full board options for breakfast to choose from.

Generally, the breakfast will be noodles, porridge, bread, eggs and many more.  In a half board options breakfast, you can have your choice of breakfast.

Generally, Nepali meal consists of Bhat (rice), Roti, dahl, curry, and vegetable. If you want to have some beverage of your choices such as; water, soft drinks, hard drinks, boiled water, beer, and many more, for this you have to pay extra.

Is the preferred beverage available during Everest Base Camp trek?

In the Everest region, you will find the option of tea and coffee as a beverage. But it will be almost impossible to get soft and hard drinks such as alcohol, cold drinks and many more. Only there will be some possibility to get all kinds of beverages in the lower altitude. 

Do you need to carry snacks need on your trek to Everest Base Camp?

As regarding snacks, you can carry your favorite chocolate, which has high carbohydrate and provide energy while trekking. If you wish somethings others you can carry them with you.

Is pure drinking water being available on the Everest Base Camp Trekking Route?

As you reach the remote and higher altitude, it will be almost impossible to find pure drinking water. So, we ask you to carry a water purifier or water purifying tablets. It will allow you to drink pure water and save from diarrhea, dehydration, and other kinds of diseases.  

Available toilet facilities in the EBC Region!

In some of the lodges, you will get excellent toilet facilities, where you can use the toilet with flush but as you reach to the remote area of Everest region, there you will find most of the toilets are a squat toilet, where you have to use a bucket of water to flush.

Is cell phone network being available in every location of EBC trek?

The network of the cell phone is almost unavailable at the highest altitude. But you will get the facilities of a landline in several villages and lodges. The available cell phone network also varies in the different parts of the location, in some part you may find working network while in some part you may not. 

Weight limit of baggage to Everest Base Camp!

During trekking to Everest Base Camp, there is no weight limit of baggage however if you take a flight to and from Lukla to Kathmandu, you can carry a maximum weight of the 10kg with 5 kg hand carry.  

Age Limit for EBC Trek!

For Everest Base Camp trek there is no age limit, even though under 7 children can’t make EBC trek. Besides age, we will recommend you to consult a doctor for a precautionary checkup about your health before going for EBC trek.

Is ATM service is available in Everest Base Camp?

In the Everest Region, you will find ATM service only in the Lukla and Namche Bazaar. In another part of the Everest Region, there are no ATM services so it will be better to take some hand cash. 

Is tips or donation mandatory?

Giving tips is not mandatory, if you wish to give some tips or donation it will be only your choices either you desire to give or not. There is no compulsion for any kinds of donation and tips.   

Conclusion

To experience an extreme level of adventure in Nepal, don’t be late to take a vacation trip to EBC in Nepal. To have incredible views of stunning Himalayas, Khumbu Ice Falls, remorseless fields of the moraine, and serene surroundings of the Everest Region in Nepal do come to Nepal and visit with High Venture Plus.   

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