falls in Solukhumbu district on the north-east side of Nepal and the region is widely known for Mt. Everest-top of the world- with an altitude of 8848 meters above the sea level. It is also known as Sagarmatha in Nepali, Chomolungma in Tibetan and Zhumulangma in Chinese. Besides that, places like Kala Patthar, Khumbu Icefall, waterfalls, wildlife and vegetation along the way plus the great scenic views of the mountain ranges including Everest surpass the other regions in terms of tourism especially mountaineers and trekkers.
Having been in such a height, the whole Himalayan range, the mountaineer's acclaim the ultimate death zone after you reach at a height of 7,600 meters (25,000 ft.) So, for this reason, which ascending for the Everest Trek, you should be prepared mentally and physically and only go for the trek. But if you are determined enough to go for the trek then you won’t regret it as you will be able to see the amazing glaciers, icefalls snow, the valleys beneath the mountains and the environment as a whole.
However, Everest region trek
is not just limited to reach Mt. Everest itself only but you can also trek to other places in this region like till Everest Base Camp or trek to 3 high peaks in Everest region, Cho La Pass Trekking or Gokyo trekking in this region. As to this note, there are several ways from where you can reach the Everest region and glance over the majestic mountains with your own eyes. They are the common way via Lukla or you could also trek via Jiri/Shivalaya way, which though takes quite some more time to reach your desired destination. Besides this, there is also a way to reach Everest via Tibet but for that, you have to fly to Tibet first and only after that you might be permitted to climb Everest. However, this route via Tibet is just limited to Mt. Everest.
The common way to reach Mt. Everest is via the southern part which is through passing by the Khumbu Icefall. This is known to be the traditional way as it had been used since the first acclimatization by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary. Therefore, it is also known as siege climbing as there are high chances of survival rate if you trek via this route. Through Lukla or through Jiri, you will reach the same destination i.e. Namche Bazar but if you go from Lukla then you will be flying till Lukla and you don’t have to trek before that, which might make you already tired even when you just reach Namche Bazar.
So, for this reason, we recommend trekkers to opt for Lukla way. Besides that, it will also eventually save you time. Otherwise, if you really want to trek and explore the valley of Jiri and have ample time and then proceed further then you may go that way as well. Namche Bazar is located at a height of 3,500 meters and from there you pass by Sagarmatha National Park and Everest Base Camp on your way to Mt. Everest.
If you are only interested to reach up to Everest Base Camp
then also this is the very route except for the fact that you don’t have to go further to the climbing expedition crossing the Khumbu Icefall. As to climbing from the northern side of the Everest, a Chinese expedition team had ascended the summit in 1960, but this route is now rarely climbed. Besides this, if you would like to climb via the East face then also we would not recommend it as it is rarely climbed except for three climbers who reached through the very route last time in 1983. Besides this, the southwest side is also popular, but the southeast side is considered the best. Though none of the routes to reach the summit of Everest is easy, the common and traditional Southern side is considered to be easier in terms of climbing.
The commercialization of trekking to the Everest region in Nepal began since 1993 and since then the foreign trekkers can trek in the region but with huge permit fees. And since 2010, China has set the age limit of climbers as 18-60 years old while Nepal has set the minimum age as 16 since then though there was the youngest climber of just 13 years old in 2009 to the Everest.
Now, even if you would like to climb through the China (Tibet) side then the Chinese Government has increased the permit fee even more than that of Nepal’s and has also restricted Sherpa guides and porters. But if you really would like to know then, it might not be that easy as the southern side has the Khumbu Icefall while the northern side has steps which will be quite slippery due to the snow.
As to this, there are more numbers of fatalities in the northern side than the southern side because of falling from there. Besides that, the Southern side is also quite warmer with comparatively less wind and you can stay in villages before ascending easily. Besides that, the most important thing is that if you climb from the south side then you can have access to helicopters and the rescue team can arrive if you are just in the Base Camp.
Now, as to this, talking about the Everest Base Camp trek
, you will cross the same route via Lukla or Jiri and then from Namche Bazar crossing Sagarmatha National Park. Then, there you can camp in your respective tents or else you can just stay in the tea house/ lodge for easiness. However, we recommend you to take necessary things like sleeping bags along with you. But as there are tea houses and lodges, you could just stay there as well. The total area that Everest Base Camp (EBC) occupies is approximately 130 km. You can reach up to EBC in two weeks’ time if you opt for the Lukla way, if you opt for Jiri way then you will take further some more additional days.
Going for the trek here is best in spring and autumn than in any other season. From here, you can view the amazing scenes of the mountain ranges like Lhotse, Nuptse including Everest, you can visit some of the popular Buddhist monasteries in around the region especially in Tyangboche (on the way to EBC), get to know about the culture and traditions of the local people especially the Sherpas as they are the natives of the Everest Region. Besides that, you can also see the prayer wheels and prayer flags.
The other most well-known places to visit in the Everest region is the Island Peak. You can climb to this peak via the Everest Base Camp route. With an altitude of 6,187 meters above sea level, Island Peak is one of the best places you can visit in this region.
This is because from there you will be able to see the amazing panoramic views of the mountain ranges. Furthermore, the rivers, ice sanctuary surrounding Kala Patthar and the floras like rhododendron, bamboo, pine, fir, etc. found in the forest there will leave you speechless. Moreover, you can learn about the Sherpa culture and traditions and interact with them and know about their way of living as there is a Sherpa village in the area. However, having said so, many tourists do not go for this climb as this climb is more difficult than simply reaching Everest Base Camp. Nevertheless, if you go for this trek, then you will enjoy fully with all the snow-covered in the area and you being on top of a peak in the Himalayas.
Besides this, you can enjoy e pass trek in the Everest region as well. These 3 pass treks are Kogma La with its elevation of 5,535 m, Cho La with its elevation of 5,380 m and Ranjo La with its elevation of 5,388 m. But if you would like to take a rather strenuous trekking route then you can go via the three trekking routes- Gokyo Ri with the height of 5,483 m, then to Kala Pattar with an altitude of 5,545 m and Chukkung Ri with its altitude ranging up to 5,550m. In order for the completion of this journey of 3 pass trek, you will need at least around 16-18 days but 21 days is mostly known as you shouldn’t walk that fast as it could be slippery and you would like to take some rest days.
Though this trek is quite challenging in nature, once you get there you will enjoy yourself fully but for this, you have to make sure you take warm clothes. On the way to your journey, you will first cross the valley of Dudh Koshi followed by Namche Bazar. Then, as you cross Namche Bazar, you can find huge settlements of the Sherpa community where you can learn and know about their way of living plus their customs. You can see some monasteries along the way.
Then as you move on towards your first destination i.e. Renjo La Pass, you will cross your way via Lungden and as you reach there you can see amazing panoramic views of the Himalayas. As this pass is not so popular route, you can go to the Gokyo valley where you can sit and relax and look at the amazing lakes from there. Moreover, you can further see the largest glacier of Nepal- Ngozumpa Glacier from this route. The other pass Gokyo Ri is therefore considered as one of the best places to glance over the Everest region as a whole.
Then you can go to Kogma-La pass crossing Chola-La pass. As Kogma-La is the highest point in these three passes, you can see even better views not just of the mountain ranges but also of the trails and passes that you have crossed by. Along the way, you will also cross by Kala Patthar from where you can see the Everest face even better and nearer. While going for this trek, you need not take any tents as it will be heavier and not of any use as there are tea houses and lodges. If you plan to visit here then the best time is in autumn especially the month of October and November and then in the spring season which is from March till Mid May.
As to this note, Gokyo Lake trek
is also one of the great places that you can visit in the Everest Region. Gokyo is such a place that is truly mesmerizing due to its natural beauty surrounding it by especially the lakes there. These lakes are of turquoise in color and the environment is also calm and quiet. Moreover, the glaciers and the mountain ranges are seen here are truly amazing. Besides this, you can see the rhododendrons, yaks and pastured lands in highlands of the region which will perhaps add more color to this land.
You can further know more about the Sherpa people as there are more numbers of human settlements being a valley. Plus, the place is also better known for being good hospitality from the Sherpa people. If you would like to go further beyond this point but not to the Himalayas then you can explore the valley of Thame by going for a short hike from where you can see the Himalayan range more vividly. While you decide to go for this trek, remember that you can only get one porter as per trekking policy one trekker will only get a porter while trekking in this valley.
As to this note, Gokyo valley also comes under the Everest Circuit Trek. So, as we have already mentioned about the Gokyo trek, we will focus more on Cho La pass trek as these are the two areas that are included in Everest Circuit Trekking. In this Circuit trek, you will be crossing by Cho la pass and Gokyo valley and reach up to the Everest Base Camp.
Cho la pass is also one of the places where you can glance over the valleys and the mountain ranges covered with natural beauty.
Here, we will be able to visit some of the places like the Sherpa museum, monasteries along the way, the bazaars and the market places where you can find mostly Tibetan artifacts. And while in Gokyo you will, of course, be able to see the amazing lakes. As you go to Gokyo from Cho La and then from Gokyo to Everest Base Camp, you will be having a really thrilling atmosphere due to the weather as well as the environment surrounding you.
The other place that you can go for trekking is in Tengboche. Tengboche trek, also commonly known as the Everest Panorama Trek is a short trek on the way to Everest Base Camp. You can even call this a hike as it is rather short and not so difficult in this region. From here, you will be able to view the wonderful views of the mountain ranges in the Himalayas. For this trek, after you cross Namche Bazar, you will move towards either Thamu or National Park museum and explore there. Then, you further go up to Tengboche Monastery as it is one of the most popular monasteries in the region. Besides that, you can definitely know more about the Sherpa people and their way of living.
Moving on towards the other trek in this region, Ama Dablam is also a popular trekking place located towards the eastern side. Ama Dablam is on the way to Everest Base Camp but not many mountaineers or trekkers have detailed knowledge regarding this. Filled with great natural sceneries including the mountain peaks, forests and the lakes covering by its surface, Ama Dablam, however, is in higher altitude. So, for this reason, make sure you are prepared for it.
Ama Dablam furthermore is also known as the Matterhorn of the Himalayas as it has soaring ridges and steep faces. But besides that, Ama Dablam not only provides you with natural beauty but is also quite popular due to the monasteries and the culture of the Sherpas. As a whole, this trek won’t let you down as it is also a place where you can have great panoramic views of the Himalayan peaks including the Everest, Ama Dablam, Nuptse, Lhotse, Kangtega and Tawache.
The other place that you can trek in the Everest region is Pokalde Peak. Also known as Dolma Ri, this peak is located towards the southwest of Mt. Everest. This trek is considered to be one of the shortest and easiest treks in this region as it has an elevation of just 5,806 m. This is why there are a lot of trekkers who trek here than other regions id they are opting for an easy option where you can complete your trek within half a day if you have good guides. However, while trekking here, as this peak is a rocky peak, you will encounter rocks and snow which might be an obstacle for you.
For this, we recommend you to have your own ice axes and crampons which will make your journey even easier and better. From this peak, you will be able to view the mountain ranges like Makalu, Ama Dablam, and Pumori. Besides that, you will be able to see the Snow leopards and furthermore you can glance over the amazing views of the Kogma glacier which is full of ice walls.
Being in the Sagarmatha zone and especially in the Himalayan region near Everest, if you don’t go to Sagarmatha National Park then you won’t be able to see the jungles and all in such a height. As it covers a wide area of 1,148 square kilometers and has around 118 species of birds and numerous fauna including Himalayan black bear, Red panda, Langur monkeys, Himalayan wolves, Musk deer and flora like rhododendron, fir, birch, juniper are here. Therefore, it is a must-visit place if you go to the Everest region.
Whereas the other places in the Everest region
that you can trek or explore the valley are Lukla, Aphakding, Jorsale, Namche Bazar, Syangboche, Tengboche, Panboche, Pheriche, Lobuche, Kala Pattar, etc. from where you can still see good views of the peaks like Ama Dablam, Nuptse, Shishapangma, Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu, etc. including Mt. Everest. Now, if you think you would like to go up to Everest Base Camp but you would not really like to trek and if you have just around two weeks’ time duration then the best option for you will be to take a helicopter up till the Base Camp or till the nearest place to the Base Camp.